In white wine production, pressing usually takes place immediately after crushing and before primary fermentation. In red wine production, the grapes are also crushed but pressing usually doesn't take place till after or near the end of fermentation with the time of skin contact between the juice and grapes leaching color, tannins and other phenolics from the skin. Approximately 60-70% of the available juice within the grape berry, the free-run juice, can be released by the crushing process and doesn't require the use of the press. The remaining 30-40% that comes from pressing can have higher pH levels, lower titratable acidity, potentially higher volatile acidity and higher phenolics than the free-run juice depending on the amount of pressure and tearing of the skins and will produce more astringent, bitter wine.
An example of peculiar press structure: shop press
A simple frame, fabricated from steel, containing a bottle jack or simple hydraulic cylinder. Good for general-purpose work in the auto mechanic shop, machine shop, garage or basement shops, etc. Typically 1 to 30 tons of pressure, depending on size and expense. Classed with engine hoists and engine stands in many tool catalogs.
Some examples of presses by application
A press brake is a special type of machine press that bends sheet metal into shape. A good example of the type of work a press brake can do is the backplate of a computer case. Other examples include brackets, frame pieces and electronic enclosures just to name a few. Some press brakes have CNC controls and can form parts with accuracy to a fraction of a millimetre. Bending forces can range up to 3,000 tons.
3030 Press is an independent art and design book publisher founded in 2006 by John Millichap, in Hong Kong SAR, China. The company focuses on producing books about the character and expression of new creativity in China since the introduction of economic reforms in 1978.
3030 Press’ first titles are selections of new photography, contemporary art and graphic design in China by practitioners aged under or around 30 years old. The books seek to show the impact of new social and commercial forces on the creation of art and design, particularly among the generation born during the 1980s. As well as compilation surveys, 3030 Press also publishes monographs on some of China’s most prominent young artists, including Chen Man and Lin Zhipeng. The company has co-produced several exhibitions in China based on its book projects.
John Millichap, Ou Ning and Gu Zheng, ‘’3030: New Photography in China.’’ 3030 Press, 2006. ISBN 988-99384-0-5
Javin Mo, ‘’3030: New Graphic Design in China.’’ 3030 Press, 2007. ISBN 978-988-99384-1-3
Beauty Is the Word is Tennessee Williams' first play. The 12-page one-act was written in 1930 while Williams was a freshman at University of Missouri in Columbia, Missouri and submitted to a contest run by the school's Dramatic Arts Club.Beauty was staged in competition and became the first freshman play ever to be selected for citation (it was awarded honorable mention); the college paper noted that it was "a play with an original and constructive idea, but the handling is too didactic and the dialog often too moralistic.". The play tells the story of a South Pacific missionary, Abelard, and his wife, Mabel, and "both endorses the minister's life and corrects his tendency to Victorian prudery."
Why Do You Smoke So Much, Lily?
Why Do You Smoke So Much, Lily? was written in February 1935. In it, Lily, a frustrated chain-smoking young woman, is hounded by her mother. After being discovered in the papers left to the University of the South in Sewanee, Tennessee, "Lily" was first produced by the Chattanooga Theatre Centre (Chattanooga, TN) as part of the Fellowship of Southern Writers' Conference on Southern Literature, a biennial event that was hosted by the influential Arts and Education Council of Chattanooga.